Social Engineering

What Is Social Engineering? Types of Attacks and Prevention

Cybersecurity has become a top priority for organizations and individuals alike. With the increasing complexity and prevalence of cyber threats, people need to be constantly aware of how to protect themselves. One prevalent and often overlooked threat is social engineering attacks. 

In this article, we’ll explore the various types of social engineering attacks and provide you with prevention techniques to keep your personal information and organizational assets safe.

What Is Social Engineering?

Social engineering is the manipulation of individuals into providing sensitive information or performing actions that would benefit the attacker. Cybercriminals often use social engineering tactics to deceive their targets into exposing confidential information or compromising their computer systems. Social engineering attacks can occur through numerous channels, including email, phone calls, text messages, or even in-person contact.

Types of Social Engineering Attacks

Here are some examples of social engineering attacks commonly used by attackers:


Phishing is the most common form of social engineering attack. In this method, cybercriminals impersonate a legitimate entity, such as a bank or service provider, and send emails or messages asking for users’ credentials or personal information. These emails often contain malicious links or attachments that can install malware or ransomware on the victim’s computer.

Spear Phishing

Spear phishing is a highly targeted form of phishing attack. In this case, the attacker thoroughly researches their intended victim, customizing the communication to maximize the chances of a successful attack. This can include using the victim’s name, company, or specific details about their job or personal life.

Vishing (Voice Phishing)

Vishing, or voice phishing, involves the attacker contacting the victim via phone call and attempting to deceive them into providing sensitive information. In these calls, the attacker may claim to represent a reputable organization, such as a bank, tech support, or even law enforcement.


In pretexting, the attacker creates a fabricated story or pretext to obtain personal information from their target. This type of social engineering attack requires the attacker to develop a convincing backstory and often impersonate a person of authority, like a company executive or government official.


Baiting involves using a physical lure or digital bait to entice the target to provide sensitive information or inadvertently compromise their system. Common baiting tactics include offering free USB drives or enticing downloads.

Social Engineering Prevention

To protect yourself from social engineering tactics, consider implementing the following measures:

1. Education and Awareness

Ensure that all employees understand the risks associated with social engineering attacks and are well-versed in identifying potential threats.

2. Verify Requests

Train staff members to validate requests for sensitive information by directly contacting the individual or organization involved, using contact information obtained from a known, trustworthy source.

3. Implement Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA)

MFA provides an extra layer of security by requiring users to provide a secondary form of identification, such as a fingerprint, security token, or one-time code sent to a mobile device.

4. Keep Software Updated

Regularly update all software, including operating systems, applications, and security tools, to mitigate potential vulnerabilities that attackers can exploit.

5. Develop a Strong Security Culture

Promote a culture of security within the organization—everyone should be responsible for maintaining a safe digital environment.


Social engineering attacks are a persistent and growing risk to individuals and organizations alike. Cybercriminals use various tactics to deceive their targets and obtain sensitive information or compromise computer systems. Educating your organization and implementing various prevention techniques is critical to avoid falling victim to social engineering attacks. 

Regularly updating software, implementing MFA, and promoting a culture of security within the organization can go a long way in mitigating the risks associated with social engineering attacks. By staying vigilant and proactive, individuals and organizations can protect themselves from the harmful effects of social engineering attacks.

Relevant is a team of IT Consultants that provide information technology services to the Atlanta area. We are proud to serve organizations and our community in the great state of Georgia, partnering with businesses by offering comprehensive solutions that meet their IT needs. Prevent falling victim to social engineering attacks by strengthening your organization’s cyber security. Get in touch with us to work on your organization’s social engineering prevention today!